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Food for thought

Know Your Hair Type

Knowing your hair type not only helps you learn more about what works for your hair, it will also bring to light some of the things you might be doing to your hair's detriment. So let’s go down the list and find your hair type and all that it can do for you. So here are the Do’s and Don'ts for each hair type. Most hair types can be categorized for a number scale from 1- 4, so let’s see where you fit in.

 

Hair Type 1 – Straight Hair

Characteristics of Type 1: Straight hair comes in 3 different types - fine, medium or coarse hair. It is bone straight, has no curl or bend in the hair, can be difficult to hold a curl and any textured style. Usually has a lot of shine but may tangle easily. 

Do’s & Don’ts

Do brush your hair before shampooing

Do wash your hair often at least 3 times per week

Do experiment with volumizing and texturizing

Don’t use conditioner on your roots

Don't use plastic combs – to avoid static hair

 

Hair Type 2A – Wavy Hair

Characteristics of Type 2A: This light wavy hair has a slight wave with a soft wave pattern that tends to be more pronounced on the ends. This hair type has a lot of natural shine and is easy to manage. It tends to be fine or thin, so you should use light products to enhance the wave but won’t weigh them down.

Do’s & Don’ts

Do use mousse and gel to enhance the curl

Do use sulfate-free shampoo

Do use volumizing products to give maximum volume

Don’t use conditioners with silicone

Don’t go to bed with wet hair

Hair Type 2B – Wavy Hair

Characteristics of Type 2B: This hair is a bigger wave. It has a bit more wave than 2A hair. This hair type may be a bit harder to style and might frizz, but it usually has a great shine.

Do’s & Don’ts

Do use gels, mousses and lotions to enhance the curls

Do use sulfate free shampoo

Do use lightweight hair moisturizers

Don’t overuse styling tools

Don’t overluse oily products

 

Hair Type 2C – Curly /Wavy Hair

Characteristics of Type 2C: This wave is coarser and thicker and has actual curls and not just waves. This texture can be a bit more resistant to styling and very prone to frizz. This hair type tends to use and needs a lot of products to help define the curls and minimize frizz.

Do’s & Don’ts

Do use a sulfate free shampoo

Do use a thick conditioner that’s frizz reducing

Do use a diffuser

Don’t use regular towels to dry your hair, use microfiber

Don’t rub products into hair, scrunch the products in

Hair Type 3A – Soft Curly

Characteristics of Type 3A: This texture has springy curls that are very well defined. The curls are shiny, loose and romantically big. This texture can be affected by the weather. This hair can be straightened with relative ease.

Do’s & Don’ts

Do use curl activators or creams to help define your curl

Do use leave-in conditioner

Don’t use heavy styling products

Don’t ever skip conditioner

 

Hair Type 3B – The Spiral Curly

Characteristics of Type 3B: This texture is very well defined, they have a springy bouncy ringlets or corkscrews. Straightening  this hair may take some work so keep it moisturized. This hair is a bit coarse and not overly shiny. 

Do’s & Don’ts

Do use leave-in conditioners

Do use moisture rich hair cleansers

Do use curling creams and gels for your curls

Don’t skip conditioning or deep conditioning

Don’t overuse hot tools on your hair

 

Hair Type 3C – Coily Curls

Characteristics of Type 3C: This texture has delicious tight curls that are the size of a straw or pencil and have great volume. This texture is usually fine strands packed tightly together and needs to be blow-dried first before attempting to straighten.

Do’s & Don’ts

Do use moister rich and hydrating shampoos

Do use hydrating and nourishing conditioners on your delicate Coily Curls

Don’t overuse hot styling tools, this will lead to drying out the hair & breakage

Don’t use fine combs on your hair, only use a detangling brush or wide toothcomb

 

Hair Type 4A – Springy Coils

Characteristics of Type 3C: This texture is composed of very tight coils that have a definite curl pattern. The hair can vary in several consistencies from fine to wiry in texture. There are lots of strands packed together and very fragile. This hair type is much more prone to breakage because it has fewer cuticle layers than other hair types.

 Do’s & Don’ts

Do regularly co-wash (conditioner wash) your hair

Do use deep conditioners at least once a week

Don’t use a regular towel after a shower, use cotton to reduce frizz

Don’t attempt to comb your hair while it’s dry

 

Hair Type 4B – Coily Curls

Characteristics of Type 4B: This texture has a less defined curl pattern and tends to not curl but have more of an ‘z’ pattern. This hair type is a bit more wiry to the touch, there are a lot of very fine strands packed together tightly and are very fragile. 4B hair can shrink up to 75% of your actual length.

Do’s & Don’ts

Do really take your time working through your hair to avoid breakage

Do detangle hair with a conditioner with a lot of slip

Don't use small combs only use a detangling brush and or wide toothcombs

Don't skip deep conditioning your hair, it’s very important to hydrate this texture

  

Hair Type 4C – Coily Kinky

Characteristics of Type 4C: This texture does not usually clump at all unless specifically styled. This hair has a wide range of density from fine/thick/soft/coarse/wiry and as with all 4 textures,  lot of hairs are densely packed together. This texture can look identical to 4B texture but just with no real definition and much more tightly kinked.

Do’s & Don’ts

Do use butters, oils & creams to help seal in moisture

Do use curly pudding, and curl enhancers to help elongate your coil

Don’t over do the co-washing with heavy conditioners

Don’t neglect to deep condition your hair at least 1-2 times a week